Kasten Council Resignation Came After AG Conflict Ruling

11 Jan

When former Jefferson County Councilman for District 5 Jim Kasten (Democrat) announced his resignation from the board on October 23, he cited ongoing conflict between the “dysfunctional” council and county executive Ken Waller. He bemoaned the “constant bickering” and expressed dismay that the council did not pass a bill to join a prescription drug monitoring program.

What he did not mention is that he received a letter from the Missouri Attorney General’s Office, dated September 25, 2017, stating that due to his holding of multiple simultaneous offices, he was in violation of conflict of interest provisions, and thus would have to resign from something. This letter came as a result of a citizen complaint to the AG’s office.

Kasten submitted a resignation letter to Waller on September 29, effective December 31. He has since left the council and been replaced by Dan Darian, who was chosen by the county council to complete Kasten’s term.

Multiple Offices

Along with his time on the county council (elected in 2014), Kasten serves:

  • On the Dunklin School Board (elected in 2007)
  • As Herculaneum city administrator (hired in 2008)
  • On the Jefferson County Water Authority (appointed in 2008, part of Herky city admin duties)
  • He was on the Jefferson County Port Authority Board for eight years before being denied reappointment by the county council in December 2016. At that time, his service in multiple positions was cited as a reason to vote down his appointment. After he resigned from the council, Waller again nominated him to the Port board, but the council refused to vote on the nomination at its January 8, 2018 meeting.

The Letter

Here is the letter from the AG’s office:


It cites the “common law prohibition against holding two incompatible public offices,” then goes on to list state Supreme Court precedent and explains how offices that deal with each other, through licensing, taxing, public works, etc. could create a situation where an officeholder finds himself on both sides of an agreement.

According to common law, when an officeholder accepts another incompatible office, he automatically is considered to be resigned from one of them. Missouri uses a last-in-time analysis, and so was already considered to be de jure resigned from the county council. It just had to be made official somehow, which Kasten made happen when he submitted his resignation. The letter points out, though, that actions the council took while he was seated are still valid.

Not Wrongdoing

When Kasten was denied reappointment to the Port board, he responded to the allegations of conflict of interest by demanding that someone point out where he actively acted in a conflicted manner (as I interpret it). But he has it wrong, I think. Conflict of interest isn’t an intentional act of wrongdoing, it is just the inherent circumstance that a person’s judgment and duty could be influenced improperly. It’s like when county prosecutor Forrest Wegge belatedly said he could not take the Dianne Critchlow criminal case because he knows her. The fact that he knows her created a possibility of conflict between the law and his friendship, even if he didn’t actively try to get her off the hook.

In short, nobody says Kasten intentionally committed some wrongdoing, it’s just that he held naturally conflicting interests by holding multiple offices, and so he had to surrender one of them. But he should have admitted this when he resigned from the council.

There are a number of dual office holders in JeffCo, for example, some who sit on a city council and a school board. In the past, there have been men who served on a city council for one city while serving as city administrator for another. Given this ruling, these double-dippers may want to reconsider, though I can’t say for sure that these arrangements are unlawful. And any residents with concerns now know who to turn to with complaints. While serving in elected and appointed positions is a public service (unless you are corrupt or negligent in your duties), serving on multiple boards is not always a good thing.

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